Children / Adolescents
Below is a list of measures specifically designed for assessing well-being of children and/or adolescents. Please click on each measure for further information.
+-KIDSCREEN-52
Kidscreen is a generic health-related quality of life self-report measure, which measures subjective health and well-being in children and adolescents from age 8 to 18 years. It was developed as a standardised screening instrument for quality of life and can also be used for children and adolescents with a chronic illness. The Kidscreen-52 measures includes 10 different dimensions of health-related quality of life. It will take about 15-20 minutes to fill out the measure. There are also versions for parents and primary care-givers available.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 52 items.
Example items: "Has your life been enjoyable?", "Have you had enough time for yourself?", "Have you been able to rely on your friends?"
Ravens-Sieberer, U. et.al. (2005). KIDSCREEN-52 quality-of-life measure for children and adolescents. Expert Rev. Pharmacoeconomics Outcomes Res. 5(3), 353–364
+-KIDSCREEN-27
Kidscreen is a generic health-related quality of life self-report measure, which measures subjective health and well-being in children and adolescents from age 8 to 18 years. It was developed as a standardised screening instrument for quality of life and can also be used for children and adolescents with a chronic illness. The Kidscreen-27 was developed as a shorter version of the Kidscreen-52 and includes 5 different dimensions of health-related quality of life. It will take about 10-15 minutes to fill out the measure. There are also versions for parents and primary care-givers available.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 27 items.
Example items: "Have you felt fit and well?", Have you been in a good mood?", "Have your parent(s) had enough time for you?"
Ravens-Sieberer, T. et.al. (2007). The KIDSCREEN-27 quality of life measure for children and adolescents: psychometric results from a cross-cultural survey in 13 European countries. Qual Life Res, 16:1347–1356
+-KIDSCREEN-27 (parents form)
Kidscreen is a generic health-related quality of life self-report measure, which measures subjective health and well-being in children and adolescents from age 8 to 18 years. It was developed as a standardised screening instrument for quality of life and can also be used for children and adolescents with a chronic illness. The Kidscreen-27 was developed as a shorter version of the Kidscreen-52 and includes 5 different dimensions of health-related quality of life. It will take about 10-15 minutes to fill out the measure.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 27 items.
Example items: "Has your child felt fit and well?", "Has your child been in a good mood?", "Has your child felt that his/her parent(s) had enough time for him/her?"
The KIDSCREEN Group, 2004; EC Grant Number: QLG-CT-2000- 00751. www.kidscreen.org
+-KIDSCREEN-10-Index
Kidscreen is a generic health-related quality of life self-report measure, which measures subjective health and well-being in children and adolescents from age 8 to 18 years. It was developed as a standardised screening instrument for quality of life and can also be used for children and adolescents with a chronic illness. The Kidscreen-10-Index was developed as a shorter version of the Kidscreen-27 and contains an unidimensional latent health-related quality of life trait. It will take about 5 minutes to fill out the measure. There are also versions for parents and primary care-givers available.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 10/11 items.
Example items: "Have you felt lonely?", "Have your parent(s) treated you fairly?", "Have you had fun with your friends?"
The KIDSCREEN Group, 2004; EC Grant Number: QLG-CT-2000- 00751. www.kidscreen.org
+-KIDSCREEN-10-Index (parents form)
Kidscreen is a generic health-related quality of life self-report measure, which measures subjective health and well-being in children and adolescents from age 8 to 18 years. It was developed as a standardised screening instrument for quality of life and can also be used for children and adolescents with a chronic illness. The Kidscreen-10-Index was developed as a shorter version of the Kidscreen-27 and contains an unidimensional latent health-related quality of life trait. It will take about 5 minutes to fill out the measure.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 10/11 items.
Example items: "Has your child felt lonely?", "Has your child felt that his/her parent(s) treated him/her fairly?", "Has your child had fun with his/her friends?"
The KIDSCREEN Group, 2004; EC Grant Number: QLG-CT-2000- 00751. www.kidscreen.org
+-Kiddy-KINDL (4-6)
The KINDLR Questionnaire is a self-report measure for health-related quality of life in children and adolescents. It is as measure for healthy children and adolescents but can be also used for clinical populations. There are different versions for different age groups available and additionally there two versions for parents available.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 12/19 items.
Example items: "I had fun and laughed a lot", "I felt fine at home", I got along well with my friends".
Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (2000). KINDL-Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents-Revised Version. Manual
+-Kiddy-KINDL for Parents (3-6)
The KINDLR Questionnaire is a self-report measure for health-related quality of life in children and adolescents. It is as measure for healthy children and adolescents but can be also used for clinical populations. The questionnaire includes 6 dimensions (physical well-being, emotional well-being, self-esteem, family, friends and everyday functioning). There is an additional "disease" module for use when the child suffers from prolonged illness. The parent version has additional items for parents only. The Kiddy-KINDLR for parents is for children between the ages of 3-6.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 24/66/31 items.
Example items: "My child had fun and laughed a lot", "My child felt fine at home", "My child got along well with his friends".
Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (2000). KINDL-Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents-Revised Version. Manual
+-Kid-KINDL (7-13)
The KINDLR Questionnaire is a self-report measure for health-related quality of life in children and adolescents. It is as measure for healthy children and adolescents but can be also used for clinical populations. There are different versions for different age groups available and additionally there two versions for parents available.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 24/31 items.
Example items: "I was tired and worn-out.", "I was proud of myself.", I got on well with my parents."
Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (2000). KINDL-Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents-Revised Version. Manual
+-Kiddo-KINDL (14-17)
The KINDLR Questionnaire is a self-report measure for health-related quality of life in children and adolescents. It is as measure for healthy children and adolescents but can be also used for clinical populations. There are different versions for different age groups available and additionally there two versions for parents available.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 24/31 items.
Example items: "I felt strong and full of energy", "I felt pleased with myself", "I did things together with my friends".
Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (2000). KINDL-Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents-Revised Version. Manual
+-Kid/Kiddo-KINDL for Parents (7-17)
The KINDLR Questionnaire is a self-report measure for health-related quality of life in children and adolescents. It is as measure for healthy children and adolescents but can be also used for clinical populations. The questionnaire includes 6 dimensions (physical well-being, emotional well-being, self-esteem, family, friends and everyday functioning) and an additional “disease” module for use when the child suffers from prolonged illness. The Kid/Kiddo-KINDLR for parents is for children and adolescents between the ages of 7-17.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 24/31 items.
Example items: "My child was tired and worn-out", "My child was proud of himself", "My child got on well with us as parents".
Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (2000). KINDL-Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents-Revised Version. Manual
+-The Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA)
This assessment includes a collection of questionnaires, interviews and rating techniques for children and adolescents between the ages of 5-16/17 years. Originally it was developed to generate ICD-10 and DSM-IV psychiatric diagnoses.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
Goodman, R., Ford, T., Richards, H., Gatward, R. & Meltzer, H. (2000). The Development and Well-Being Assessment : Description and Initial Validation of an Integrated Assessment of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. J. Child Psycho. Psychiat. Vol. 41, No. 5, pp. 645-655
+-Mental Health Continuum-Short Form for youth (12-18)
This measurement was developed from the long form (MHC-LF) and is the same which is used for adults. It measures well-being on a continuum from languishing to flourishing. The scale consists of items measuring hedonic and eudaimonic parts of well-being as well as items representing social well-being.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 14 items.
Example items: "During the past month, how often did you feel…"satisfied with life", "that you had warm and trusting relationships with others."
Keyes, C. L. M. (2009). Atlanta: Brief description of the mental health continuum short form (MHC-SF).
+-Positive and Negative Affect for Children (PANAS-C)
The PANAS-C measures positive and negative affect in children and young adolescents. It can be used to differentiate between anxiety and depression.
Keywords: Hedonic, Positive affect; Negative Affect
This scale includes 27 items.
Example items: "Excited", "Upset", "Proud", "Lonely"
Laurent, J. et.al. (1999). A Measure of Positive and Negative Affect for Children: Scale Development and Preliminary Validation. Psychological Assessment, Vol. 11, No. 3, 326-338
+-Pediatric Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (PQ-LES-Q)
The PQ-LES-Q is a pediatric version of the Short Form of the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire. It is a self-report measure and includes items concerning important aspects of life experience in children and adolescents.
Keywords: Hedonic, Life satisfaction
This scale includes 15 items.
Example items: "Over the past week, how have things been with…"your mood and feelings", "getting along with your family?"
Endicott, J., Nee, J., Yang, R. & Wohlberg, C. (2006). Pediatric Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (PQ-LES-Q): Reliability and Validity. J . AM. ACAD. CHILD ADOLESC. PSYCHIATRY, 45:4,
+-Personal Wellbeing Index – School Children (PWI-SC)
This scale was developed from the Comprehensive Quality of Life Scale (ComQol) and includes 8 items of satisfaction, where each item represents a domain of quality of life. There are different versions available. The PWI-SC is different in item wording and uses happiness instead of satisfaction comparing to the Personal Wellbeing Index – Adults (PWI-A).
Keywords: Hedonic, Life satisfaction
This scale includes 7/8 items.
Example items: "How happy are you…"with the things you want to be good at", "about getting on with the people you know?"
Cummins, R.A. & Lau, A.L.D. (2005). Personal Wellbeing Index – School Children (PWI-SC) (English) 3rd Edition, MANUAL. School of Psychology, Deakin University
+-Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS)
This measure was developed to describe children’s and adolescent’s life satisfaction as a multidimensional profile. It concludes 5 dimensions and can be used for the ages 8-18 years.
Keywords: Hedonic, Life satisfaction
This scale includes 40 items.
Example items: "My parents and I doing fun things together", "My friends are great", "There are a lots of things I can do well".
Huebner, E.S. (1994). Preliminary Development and Validation of a Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale for Children. Psychological Assessment, Vol. 6, No. 2, 149-158; Manual for the Multidimensional Student’s Life satisfaction Scale. Scott Huebner, Ph.D. University of South Carolina, Department of Psychology Columbia, SC 29208
+-The Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM)
CAMM measures mindfulness skills in children and adolescents from the age of 9 years.
Keywords: Eudaimonic, Mindfulness
This scale includes 10 items.
Example items: "I keep myselfs busy so I don't notice my thoughts or feelings.", "I get upset with myself for having certain thoughts."
Greco, L. A., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T. (2011). Assessing mindfulness in children and adolescents: Development and validation of the child and adolescent mindfulness measure (CAMM). Psychological Assessment, 23, 606-614.
+-Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS)
WEMWEBS is a well-being scale focusing on positive mental health and can be used for children and adolescents from age 13 to 18 years. The scale captures both hedonic and eudaimoinc parts of well-being as well as cognitive-evaluative dimensions.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 14 items.
Example items: "I’ve been feeling useful", "I’ve been feeling interested in other people", "I’ve been able to make up my own mind about things".
Published by NHS Health Scotland (2008), Woodburn House, Canaan Lane, Edinburgh, EH10 4SG Tennant, R., Hiller, L., Fishwick, R., Platt, S., Joseph, S., Weich, S., Parkinson, J., Secker, J., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2007). The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): development and UK validation. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.
+-ONS - well-being
Three items that do not make a full scale but can be used as general indicators of well-being. They are used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) as indicators for well-being of adults of the British population. The items are: “Overall, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays?”; “Overall, to what extent do you feel the things you do in your life are worthwhile?”; “Overall, how happy did you feel yesterday?” All items are answered on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 is ‘not at all’ and 10 is ‘completely’. These items can be used for children and adolescents and allows them to provide an indication of their overall life and day-to-day emotions.
Keywords: Hedonic
ONS; Office for National Statistics, March 2014
+-QL- WHO-Five Well-being Index (WHO-5)
WHO-5 is a short measure of subjective psychological well-being. It can been used as a screening tool for depression as well as an outcome measure for clinical purposes for children and adolescents from age 9 to 16.
Keywords: Hedonic/Eudaimonic
This scale includes 5 items.
Example items: "I have felt cheerful and in good spirits", "My daily life has been filled with things that interest me".
Regional Office for Europe WHO. Use of Well-Being Measures in Primary Healthcare - The DepCare Project. Health for All, Target 12, 1998. Allgaier, Antje-Kathrin et.al. (2012). Depression in pediatric care: is the WHO-Five Well-Being Index a valid screening instrument for children and adolescents? General Hospital Psychiatry 34 (2012) 234–241