Below is a list of measures specifically designed for assessing well-being of the eldery population. Please click on each measure for further information.
+-Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale (PGCMS)
PGCMS is a measure for the psychological state of the elderly. The scale measures three dimensions: Agitation, attitude toward own aging, and lonely-dissatisfaction which can all be interpreted as representing morale of the aging population.
This scale includes 17 items.
Example items: "I see enough of my friends and relatives.", "Life is hard for me much of the time."
Lawton, P. M. (1975). The Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale: A revision. Journal of Gerontology, 30(1), 85-89.
+-Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (MUNSH)
MUNSH was developed as a happiness scale for the elderly. The scale measures positive and negative affect, as well as general positive and negative experience.
Keywords: Hedonic, Positive affect; Negative Affect
This scale includes 24 items.
Example items: "In the past months have you been feeling…"in high spirits", "bored", "Bitter about the way your life has turned out?"
Kozma, A. & Stones, M. J. (1980). The measurement of happiness: Development of the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (MUNSH). Journal of Gerontology, 35(6), 906-912.
+-Life Satisfaction Index-A (LSI-A)
LSI-A is a measure of psychological well-being. It focuses on the ageing population and indicates their zest for life.
Keywords: Hedonic, Life satisfaction
This scale includes 20 items.
Example items: "As I look back on my life, I am fairly well satisfied.", "My life could be happier than it is now."
Adams, D.L. (1969). Analysis of a Life Satisfaction Index. Journal of Gerontology, 24, 470-474.
+-TMIG Index of Competence
TMIG is a measure of competence for the elderly. The scale measures three factors: Instrumental Self-Maintenance, Intellectual Activity, and Social Role.
Keywords: Eudaimonic, Competence
This scale includes 13 items.
Example items: "Are you able to shop for daily necessities?", "Do you visit the homes of friends?"
Koyano, W., Shibata, H., Nakazato, K., Haga, H. & Suyama, Y. (1991). Measurement of competence: Reliability and validity of the TMIG Index of Competence. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 13(2), 103-116.